How does the control of blood flow to the skin for the purpose of regulating body temperature differ from the control of nutrient blood flow to skin cells?

Null hypothesis (H ):0A hypothesis that is being tested; it is usually framed in terms of ‘zero’, ‘nothing’ or ‘no difference’ Alternative hypothesis (H or A ): A 1ypothesis that is mutually exclusive with H ; it need no0 form a partition with H ,0but usually does Test statistic: A random variable used to assess the evidence against H 0 p-value: Given a value for the test statistic, the probability of seeing that value or a ‘more extreme’ value under H 0 If the p-value is small enough, we reject H 0 If not, we do not reject H 0 Type I error: A false positive; rejecting H whe0 it is true Level of a test (α): The probability of a type I error under a particular choice of test statistic, given that H 0 is true. The level of a test can usually be se